Primitive Technology: Cord drill and Pump drill

Using the fire sticks to make firethis method can gives you blistersa round stoneDrilling a hole in it with a stone awlPecking a hole with the stone awlPecking hole from other sideHole gouged right throughQuartz sand added to help drilling processSpindle stick Fitting stone over the spindleFibrous tree barkseparating the inner bark frome outer barksplitting the inner bark into thinner stripsTwist the individual strands clockwise, but twist them together anti clockwise. This prevents the cord from unravellingcarving a notch in the stickTying the cord onto the notch with a strip of barkAs the strings are pulled out wards, the spindle spins. When the strings are completely unraveled, the stones momentum wraps them back around the stick and the process is repeated in the opposite directionA coal has been producedClay from creek bankPicking out rocks and sticks from the clayAsh from the firePutting ash on stone to prevent clay from stickingForming clay discPutting a hole in6 discsDrying by the fireFiring the disksFanning the flamesGlowing red hotShaving bark off stickFitting disk onto shaftCarving notch onto shaftMaking stone drill bitSplitting shaftLashing bit into shaftFitting disc onto shaftTying cord to notchDrilling hole in woodA thinner drill bitHole carved through woodFitting crossbar over shaftTying the ends of the crossbar onto the drillNow the bar is used in a pumping motion to pull the strings outward instead of using the hands Pump drill and cord drill

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